Respecting Social Media Psychology

Respecting Social Media Psychology
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Cliff Nass: The psychology of media and its implications

Cliff Nass: The psychology of media and its implications
Great user experiences depend on socially-intelligent interfaces that harmonize a person’s real identity with his or her “digital persona.” The digital persona informs the social signaling mechanisms.

Cliff Nass shares the work done at the Stanford CHIMe Lab over the last decade, which has provided insights to inform the design of interfaces.

mediaX Media Contact: Susana Montes, susanam@stanford.edu
Video by: Richard Townsend for mediaX at Stanford University

THE HIVE MIND – CROWD PSYCHOLOGY – Why Social Media Failed

THE HIVE MIND – CROWD PSYCHOLOGY – Why Social Media Failed
The Hive Mind – Crowd Psychology – What lies behind collective thought and reason – Why Social Media Failed – the crowd, a study of the popular mind – french social psychologist sociologist gustave le bon – crowd herd behaviour – twitter facebook reddit – marina joyce – no man’s sky hype anger lies rage – hysterical crowds masses – hypnotized – forums – maniac mob – stock market crash reason – primitive barbaric behaviour in masses groups crowds – Why crowds go crazy fast – Why there is so much anger on the internet web – Witchhunt Witchhunts

Gustave Le Bon – The Crowd – on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2bIQrop

Central mass psychological theses
Types of materials:
A. Dissimilar materials (foules hétérogènes)
1. nameless masses (as street collections)
2. Not nameless (for example, jury, Parliament)
B. Similar masses (foules homogeneous)
1. sects (political, religious, others)
2. Case (military, priests, workers box, etc.)
3. Classes (citizens, farmers, etc.).
Nature, function and evaluation of the mass:
A mass is basically impulsive, mobile, irritable, suggestible, gullible, obsessed with exaggerated and ingenious ideas, intolerant and dictatorial.
Mass transport mainly ideas and cultural objectives that are only realized by the few who can keep from mass distance.
The individual can only in the mass ascend to heights or sink down into depths (mostly the latter).
Origin of mass is the mass psyche that emerges again from a racial soul than the common, inherited cultural substrate.
Anglo-Saxon masses react differently Romanesque, often show even contradictory ways of reacting.
Modern materials are mainly characterized by a boundless egotism, brings decay and spiritually barren mob rule with him.
The emerging mass age has to be assessed negatively, as here now overpowering masses are no longer bound by ideals, traditions and institutions.
Suggestibility and gullibility:
The members of a mass forfeit the critical faculties of which they have as individuals. Your personality vanishes.
The mass may not differ from factual Personal.
They succumb easily suggestions, their effect of hypnosis is similar, and is hysterical; it is easy to steer.
Therefore, it is also susceptible to legends that deal with most heroic leaders and events.
The opinion in the mass is carried out by mental contagion.
Intelligence, emotion and bias:
The mass is only slightly intelligent.
She thinks one side rough and undifferentiated in both good and evil.
The mass does not think logically but in images, which are often caused by simple voice symbolism.
The mass is easily excitable, gullible and erratic. Your emotion is simple.
Judgments, actions and beliefs of the mass:
The ground is very conservative in general.
The mass can not be convinced by logical arguments, but only emotional.
The mass is sometimes disinterested, possibly also virtuous or heroic, then often in the exuberance.
The mass is intolerant and domineering.
You can be very cruel, far beyond the individuals Possible addition, and is given suitable guidance willing to revolutions.
The core beliefs of the mass change only very slowly.
The moral judgments of a mass independent of the origin or the intellect of its members.
The mass judging by hasty generalization of individual cases.
Your beliefs quickly take on religious overtones and often based on wishful thinking.
Leader of masses:
Guides and ideas are rapidly charismatic properties (Nimbus or “prestige”).
Without a guide, the composition is as a flock without a shepherd.
Leaders are not thinkers, but men of action, occasionally one finds among them nervous, irritable and half crazy.
Leaders often act through a great eloquence. Great leaders can awaken a faith and thus control entire nations.
Guide rule is usually violently.
There are two types of leaders: effective short-term and long-term. That depends on the perseverance of her will.
Leaders act primarily through three methods: assertion, repetition and contagion and transmission, whose best-known effect is the imitation.
If a leader does not work, it quickly loses its aura and goes under.

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Dr. Rachna Jain – Interview on using social psychology to boost online visibility

Dr. Rachna Jain – Interview on using social psychology to boost online visibility
http://OnlineVisibilitySecrets.com/7day – Denise Wakeman, founder of The Blog Squad interviews Dr. Rachna Jain on why it’s important to pay attention to aspects of social psychology when building your platform of visibility on the Web. Dr. Jain give examples from studies and talks about “priming” your marketing messages on your social networking sites. Be sure to watch the entire video to see how you can get a free audio program on psychology and social media!

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The Social Psychology of Leftist Mass Hysteria (Part 1)

The Social Psychology of Leftist Mass Hysteria (Part 1)
I take a look into the riots, protests and the media narratives associated with them that have occurred over the past few months, against Trump and the right, including the alt-right in particular, and the social psychological involved, particularly as it concerns anonymity, social identity/self-categorization, inter-group relations, cult-like behavior, and stigma.

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References
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Asch, M. J. (1951). Nondirective teaching in psychology: An experimental study. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 65(4),
Askevis-Leherpeux, F., Schiaratura, L. T., & Douilliez, C. (2012). The effect of mood on the expression of stereotypes as a function of normative pressure. Revue internationale de psychologie sociale, 25(2), 41-57.
Badea, C., Jetten, J., Czukor, G., & Askevis‐Leherpeux, F. (2010). The bases of identification: When optimal distinctiveness needs face social identity threat. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49(1), 21-41.
Becker, H. S. (1963). Outsiders. Studies in the sociology of deviance. Simon and Schuster.
Brewer, M. B. (1999). The psychology of prejudice: Ingroup love and outgroup hate?. Journal of social issues, 55(3), 429-444.
Brewer, M.B. (1991). The social self: On being the same and different at the same time. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 475-482.
Caporael, L. R. (1997). The evolution of truly social cognition: The core configurations model. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1(4), 276-298.
Chirumbolo, A. (2002). The relationship between need for cognitive closure and political orientation: The mediating role of authoritarianism. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(4), 603-610.
Diener, E. (1977). Deindividuation: Causes and consequences. Social Behavior and Personality, 5, 143-155.
Festinger, L., Pepitone, A., & Newcomb, T. (1952). Some consequences of deindividuation in a group. Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 382-389.
Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Simon and Schuster.
Jung, C. G. (1968). Analytical psychology: its theory and practice (The Tavistock lectures). New York: Random House.
Kemmelmeier, M. (1997). Need for closure and political orientation among German university students. The Journal of Social Psychology, 137(6), 787-789.
Miller, K. P., Brewer, M. B., & Arbuckle, N. L. (2009). Social identity complexity: Its correlates and antecedents. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 12(1), 79-94.
Oakes, P. J. (1987). The salience of social categories. In J.C. Turner, M.A. Hogg, P.J. Oakes, S.D. Reicher, & M.S. Wetherell (Eds.), Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Oxford and Newyork: Basil Blackwell
Oakes, P.J, Turner, J.C., & Haslam. (1991). Perceiving people as group members: The roles of fit in the salience of social categorizations. British Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 125-144.
Parker, M. T., & Janoff-Bulman, R. (2013). Lessons from morality-based social identity: The power of outgroup “hate,” not just ingroup “love”. Social Justice Research, 26(1), 81-96.
Pettigrew, T. F. (1998). Intergroup contact theory. Annual review of psychology, 49(1), 65-85.
Salander, P. (2000). Using beliefs and magical thinking to fight cancer distress—a case study. Psycho‐Oncology, 9(1), 40-43.
Spears, R. (2017). Social identity model of deindividuation effects. The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects.
Tajfel, H. (1974). Social identity and intergroup behavior. Social Science Information, 13(2), 65– 93. doi:10.1177/053901847401300204
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behaviour. In S. Worchel & W. G. Austin (Eds.),Psychology of intergroup relations. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
Turner, J., (1984). Social identification and psychological group formation. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), The social dimension: European developments in social psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turner, J., Oakes, P., Haslam, A., & McGarty, C. (1994). Self and collective: Cognition and social context. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 454-463
Turner, J., & Oakes, P.(1986). The significance of the social identity concept for social psychology with reference to individualism, interactionism and social influence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 25(3), 237–252. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8309.1986.tb00732.x
Zajonc, R. B. (1968). Attitudinal effects of mere exposure. Journal of personality and social psychology, 9(2p2), 1.
Zimbardo, P. G. (1969). The human choice: Individuation, reason, and order vs. deindividuation, impulse, and chaos In W. J. Arnold & D. Levine (Eds.), Nebraska symposium on motivation (237-307). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

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The Social Media War on the Psyche : Reactance

The Social Media War on the Psyche : Reactance
Social media has become a den of censorship, with free expression resulting in everything from soft “shadowbans” to outright bans and silencing. In this video I cover the topic of psychological reactance and how it related to social media, censorship, including self-censorship, and the future of free speech on the Internet.

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References:
Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of abnormal psychology, 87(1), 49.
Behrouzian, G., Nisbet, E. C., Dal, A., & Çarkoğlu, A. (2016). Resisting censorship: How citizens navigate closed media environments. International Journal of Communication, 10, 23.
Brehm, J. W. (1966). A theory of psychological reactance.
Epstein, R., Robertson, R., Shepherd, S., Zhang, S. (2017) A method for detecting bias in search rankings, with evidence of systematic bias related to the 2016 presidential election. Paper presented at the 97th annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA, April 27.
Kuran, T. (1993). The unthinkable and the unthought. Rationality and Society, 5(4), 473-505.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1975) Helplessness. San Francisco, C.A. Freeman.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1972). Learned helplessness. Annual Review of Medicine. 23 (1): 407–412.
Steindl, C., Jonas, E., Sittenthaler, S., Traut-Mattausch, E., & Greenberg, J. (2015). Understanding psychological reactance: New developments and findings. Zeitschrift für Psychologie.
Worchel, S., & Arnold, S. E. (1973). The effects of censorship and attractiveness of the censor on attitude change. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 9(4), 365-377.
Wortman, C. B., & Brehm, J. W. (1975). Responses to uncontrollable outcomes: An integration of reactance theory and the learned helplessness model. Advances in experimental social psychology, 8, 277-336.
Zhong, Z. J., Wang, T., & Huang, M. (2017). Does the great fire wall cause self-censorship? The effects of perceived internet regulation and the justification of regulation. Internet Research. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1108/IntR-07-2016-0204

Sources:
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5 Psychology Signs – How to know if a Girl Likes You

5 Psychology Signs – How to know if a Girl Likes You
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Video made with VideoScribe.
Music from VideoScribe.

Transcript: Hey everyone, I am Peter from TopThink, and today we discover the 5 psychology signs to know if someone likes you
But quickly before that, make sure to subscribe to TopThink so you don’t miss out on our new animated series about psychology, science, and lots of other nerdy stuff. Now, let’s get started.
Number 1: Pointed Toes
Feet and toes are strongly associated with someone’s sense of direction. For example, when someone is running, their toes are pointed towards the checkpoint or finish line. When someone is on a swing and wants to gain momentum, they point their toes out in front of them.
When it comes to attraction, the same principle applies: people tend to point their toes at whomever they are attracted to. Why? Because their attention is secretly directed towards that individual in social situations.
Now of course, this concept is not full proof or consistent for every situation. However, it is a well-known phenomenon that is often accurate.
Number 2: The post-joke connection
Jokes are deceptively revealing social moves. Good jokes take people off-guard and, for a few brief moments, expose people to their basic instincts. We can use these short moments to tell a lot about someone and their interests.
Entertain this scenario: A guy named John and a girl named Abigail are in a big group of people who are socializing. Then, someone says something that everyone finds funny. Naturally, the group laughs, and immediately, John looks at Abigail. Someone says a follow-up joke, and again, John’s eyes go to her.
In general, people will look at someone they are attracted to right after a joke. In this situation, we can be pretty confident that John is interested in Abigail.
So the next time you’re in a similar situation and someone cracks a joke, watch to see who everyone looks at, and if yer crush is present, check to see if your reaction follows this instinct.
Number 3: Avoiding the Phone
It is no secret the modern society is obsessed with consumer electronics, especially smartphones.
In fact, the average American spend 4.7 hours every day on their phones checking social media, private messages, email, and lots of other distracting stuff.
When someone is around their friends, this often holds true, but this is not the case when that person is around someone they are attracted to.
A simple way to tell if someone is interested in you is if they spend significantly less time on their phone when they are around you. If they ignore a text or just briefly check to see who it was rather than replying, this is a good sign. If they react enthusiastically as if that text was saving them from something uncomfortable, this is not a good sign.
Number 4: Effort in a conversation
This concept may seem obvious, but it’s important to get it right.
Putting effort into a conversation has many forms, and three of such forms signal that someone has interest in you. Let’s call these forms A, B, and C.
A is direct questions. If someone asks you multiple questions such as “what kind of food do you like?” or “what kind of music do you listen to?”, or if they seem like they are trying too hard to keep a conversation going with these kinds of inquiries, they probably like you.
B is humor. People try to use humor as a way to seem more exciting or stimulating than they normally are. Humor is also viewed as an appealing trait, and thus, it only makes sense that someone would want to seem as funny as possible in front of those they deem to be attractive.
C is an intense focus on the other person’s interests.
Say that a girl named Mary is talking with a guy named Percy. Percy loves to write and play hockey, two things that Mary knows very little about. However, Mary relentlessly keeps the conversation dedicated to those two topics.
In this scenario, Mary’s motive is clear. She likes Percy, and so she tries to give the impression that they have common interests…

(More would exceed the description word limit)

Sources

https://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/informate-report-social-media-smartphone-use/
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/let-their-words-do-the-talking/201607/5-ways-tell-someone-likes-you

Caitlyn Collins, Psychology

Caitlyn Collins, Psychology
Learn about Union College student Caitlyn Collins and her research on the psychology of social media.

5 Crazy Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain Right Now

5 Crazy Ways Social Media Is Changing Your Brain Right Now
Your brain may never be the same!
Watch our Q&A: http://youtu.be/thYzq0TEwbs
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Further Reading–

Abnormal White Matter Integrity in Adolescents with Internet Addiction Disorder: A Tract-Based Spatial Statistics Study
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0030253

Phantom vibrations among undergraduates: Prevalence and associated psychological characteristics
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563212000799

Cognitive control in media multitaskers
http://www.pnas.org/content/106/37/15583.abstract?sid=113b39d8-d0b5-4f46-b2a5-362ee79d0b61

Amygdala Volume and Social Network Size in Humans
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3079404/

What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward
learning, or incentive salience?
http://www.lsa.umich.edu/psych/research&labs/berridge/publications/Berridge&RobinsonBrResRev1998.pdf

Changing the hive mind — How social media manipulation affects everything: Tim Weninger at TEDxUND

Changing the hive mind — How social media manipulation affects everything: Tim Weninger at TEDxUND
Tim Weninger, an assistant professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Notre Dame, describes a study he conducted on reddit.com in which he had a computer program up-vote or down-vote the latest post every two minutes. As he explains, the experiment shows that early random up-votes makes a post 20 percent more likely to appear on the front page. His conclusion? Just one quarter of one percent of viewers determine what the rest of the site’s readers see—so don’t believe every trending content rating you see online.

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)